10Août
By: Lisa On: 10 août 2017 In: Paris, Seine et Marne, Travel agency & Tours, VTC Orly, VTC Roissy CDG Comments: 0

Attributable to Unbroken relationship of Politics and literature at school society partiality of literati could also be seen of their writings. Consciously or advertently a poet represents the pursuits of both one or different class. Marxism, first time in historical past, developed the speculation of ‘Artwork for Society’ whereas the supporters of established order in society held up the dogma of ‘Artwork for Artwork’. Within the battle between these theories, Marxists by no means missed any alternative to show the protagonists of the later concept: however in Sub-Continent particularly in Pakistan the identical process couldn’t be carried out in correct means due to ruthless assaults by the state equipment on Marxism. Each authorities in Pakistan prolonged its full help not solely to the best wing spiritual intellectuals but in addition produced and projected such writers as leftist poets or literary individuals who had no affiliation with the speculation of Marxism or with the working class. These parts within the identify of revolution oiled the wheels to crush the working class actions in addition to to avoid wasting the large pursuits of the dominated class and imperialist forces. Consequently ‘artwork representing the society’ was taken over by the followers of ‘artwork for artwork’. These for whom Socialism and Revolution have been their trend gadgets likewise their denims, clothes, hair type or smoking, grew to become the monopolist of artwork or literature for society. These monopolists along with acquiring financial benefits obtained their family members and many others posted on key positions. Unofficial standing of sacredness was endowed to them by the governments and critique was banned accordingly regardless of this truth that almost all of them even deserved no literary criticism. Nevertheless illusory observe of ruling elite requires response to show hidden face of sure parts.

Comparable is the case of Faiz Ahmed Faiz, who even was not capable of be in contrast with the giants of Urdu revolutionary literature particularly in poetry equivalent to Sahir Ludhiyanvi, Kaify Azami, Majrooh, Gulzar and Habib Jalib. However just lately on his centenary, he was portrayed as Marxist revolutionary poet of Urdu by the dominated class in Pakistan: a poet who neither remained the poet of working lots nor his poetry involved with the working lessons. There all the time arises a query in regard of ‘poetry for the society’ that the place the poet is being listened? Faiz is just not listened in commerce union periods, in huts nor in working locations however is listened within the gatherings of civilian and army bureaucrats, bourgeoisie, landlords, businessmen and conservative petty bourgeoisie, the place awkward voices sing Faiz’s poetry. Faiz himself was a poet of comparable and belonged to similar class. Prior to debate his standing as ‘socialist poet’ allow us to assess his self-styled political achievements.

Marx as soon as wrote that the philosophers solely interpreted the world in several methods however the actual process is to alter the identical. How a lot better ideological one could also be, how a lot books one could had learn but when he isn’t enjoying his position in wrestle to alter the world he can by no means be a Marxist. Lenin emphasised that an individual far-flung from observe should stop studying and considering.

Faiz’s becoming a member of of British Indian Military (B.I.A) is memorized by his admirers an act to defend Soviet Union in opposition to Nazi Germany.

Nevertheless circumstances and information narrate a special story. Becoming a member of an imperialist military to defend the employees of Soviet Union is past a joke. Faiz may be part of Soviet Pink Military to defend Soviet Union however he joined B.I.A at a time when a revolutionary motion was erupting throughout India for which British authorities was in want of recent army recruitments. B.I.A was introduced into play to crush revolutionary rebellion in India and to guard the imperialist regime. In Jalianwala Bagh lots of of Indians have been killed by the identical military: Bhagat Singh and different comrades have been martyred by British Authorities in India. All these acts of B.I.A precipitated irreparable loss to Soviet Union and Worldwide Socialist Motion.

Faiz can be thought of as a ‘hero’ of Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case (R.C.C) deliberate by army generals to topple the civilian authorities: although essential characters of the conspiracy aren’t mentioned. What was the actual state of affairs?

Socialism negates every kind of conspiracies and utterly trusts upon the ability of lots. RC was allegedly ready by generals who have been sad with stop fireplace in Kashmir by the federal government of Pakistan contemplating the federal government’s step as betrayal   with Kashmir, Pakistan, Military and Tribesmen. Connection of communist get together with the extremely rightist generals in opposition to a democratic civilian authorities all the time remained a thriller. Navy operation in Kashmir is taken into account as an ‘idiotic choice’ of the institution: an journey which may destroy the peoples of India and Pakistan and would possibly elevate spiritual extremism in area. Such type of observe of Sajad Zahir[1] and Faiz is equal to help of at present’s spiritual extremism lead by Gen (retired) Hameed Gul or Gen (ret) Aslam Beg. It’s also mentioned that RCC was a preplanned drama to take harsh steps in opposition to the working class actions relating to which leaders of Communist Get together together with Faiz have been effectively conscious. Placing communist members of RCC facet by facet with ‘Anirudha’ of ‘Sagina'[2] we could discover former extra outrageous. Main Ishaq, one the members of the conspiracy who afterward based a socialist get together,[3] was proud to be a ‘Main’ until his dying. It’s pertinent to say right here that a lot of the leftists have been professional China, a rustic which all the time supported Martial Regulation regimes in Pakistan in opposition to the folks of Pakistan. However being a member of conspiracy of excessive treason Faiz remained behind bars just for 4 years for which he self praised in his poetry and claimed himself prime leftist poetic mental of Pakistan. If ‘spending time in’ jail is an standards for prominence then thousand of political employees in Pakistan, who both misplaced their lives or their properties, professions, sources of earnings and greatest period of their lives i.e. youth for political ideology however by no means compromised, needs to be thought of better than Faiz: I’m unable to discover a single seminar, TV channel program and even an omni record of those that sacrificed for revolution. It’s unusual that the accused of treason (Faiz) spent solely 4 years in jail whereas accused of commerce union exercise (Hassan Nasir[4]) was martyred in Royal Fort Lahore.

The truth is artificiality, hypocrisy and romantic idealism of Pakistani center class strengthen the false pretences and heroism projected by the state. For higher center class it was the supply of cheeriness whereas for decrease center class a technique to escape from their issues and difficulties for some moments: in such type of surroundings poetry of Faiz grew up. (Afsan Chaudhry of Bangladesh labeled Faiz as greater than center class particular person)

Faiz lacked stable imaginative and prescient in direction of the society and dedication to write down. Seldom had he tried to write down salute to like, seldom had he denied love, seldom had he desired to write down epic, seldom class, and infrequently drama: seldom youngsters’s literature attracted him. (with a bourgeoisie perspective as Faiz admitted in his letter that he wished resulting from non availability of similar in market). For Faiz his poetry was not his goal however a job identical to of a clerk in an workplace who regardless of his displeasure has to check the recordsdata and to write down accordingly: Faiz made such admission in his following verse,

Hum Jeetey Ji Masroof Rahe

Kuch Ishq Kiya Kuch Kaam Kiya

(I remained busy in my life

Seldom have I cherished and infrequently have I labored)

It’s issues of consideration whether or not an individual is usually a revolutionary who even doesn’t love his process? Then why media elevated Faiz? A personal TV channel defined that Faiz couldn’t give time to his youngsters.[5] If a father is simply too nice to be broadcasted on digital media given that he couldn’t give time to his youngsters then why lots of of 1000’s aren’t invited on TV who spent their complete lives in wrestle and couldn’t give time to their youngsters. 1000’s of employees, working in mills located at Lahore-Shikhupura Street, Shahdra-Wazirabad Street, in SITE Karachi, Hub, Rahimyar Khan, Faisalabad, Kotlakhpat, when go away their homes early within the morning and once they return dwelling at late night time they discover their youngsters sleeping: thousand of fathers of Swat spend years far-off from their properties working in coal mines close to Quetta: dozens died in mines and when their funeral reached their villages their youngsters hardly identifed their faces. Thousand Pakhtoons due to supply of earnings needed to reside in Karachi or in Lahore for years. Thousand of decrease center class in Pakistan misplaced their greatest time of life in wrestle. The questions come up whether or not the standing of Faiz as father was extraordinary and peculiar to be mentioned on digital and print media? Dose it not specific the alienation of Faiz and of his class from society?

Allow us to scrutinize his poetry and his stand for.

Delusion that Faiz belonged to high school of thought representing ‘Artwork for Society’ requires correction.

His mom language and the language of the society the place he lived was Punjabi however we discover hardly some poems in the identical language in any other case his whole poetry is in Urdu language, the official one in every of Pakistan however not the mom tongue of any nation prevailing within the Federation. The higher class society, to which Faiz himself belonged, was in observe to make use of Urdu as home language to maintain themselves above from the low caste[6] working folks. The identical superior and ruling elite of Punjab with the collaboration of Urdu talking bourgeoisie of Karachi[7] intentionally inserted Persian and Arabic phrases in Urdu so as to preserve their dominance, to enhance Islamic Extremism in society for their very own vested imperialist pursuits and to construct synthetic relationship with so-called Muslim world (Center East International locations).

Faiz wrote his poetry in the identical ‘official’ Urdu, utterly alienated from the downtrodden lots of his society. “Mehmal-e-Khuwab” “Hala-e-Aghosh” “Mashkboo”, “Sabaa”, “Lilla Alhamd Ba Anjam Dil Dil Zadgaan Kalma Shukr Banam Labe-eSheereen Dehnan”, “Sarwari” “Mushk Nashtr Almaas”, “Sarmast Shaakhsaar Do Neem”, Rasoo Sare Bazar”, Sehat e Daman”, Gardishe LailoNahar”, :Safeenae Ghame Dil” and “Taabe Gran Bari” are among the many phrases and phrases utilized by Faiz in his poetry which even aren’t out there in bizarre Urdu dictionary.

Graving his private emotions & feelings in poetry is one other level in help of arguments that Faiz belonged to high school of thought representing ‘Artwork for Artwork’ however not ‘Artwork for Society’. His tradition, civilization, private emotions, feelings, wishes, love, liking and disliking developed in higher class surroundings utterly at odds with the working lots of Pakistan: so the identical cannot be the consultant of the emotions, feelings and necessities of the folks at massive. Faiz’s whole poetry revolves round his private emotions and feelings wherein self praising can be obvious as he writes:

“Hum Parwarish Loh wa Qalam Karte Rahen Ge

Jo Dil Pe Guzri Hai Woh Raqam Karte Rahen Ge.”

(I shall preserve mentioning plank and pen on

I shall preserve writing up no matter my coronary heart feels)

What have been his emotions?

At a time when the nation was beneath worst type of Martial Regulation, poverty and unemployment have been on their peaks, torture upon political employees might be witnessed on roads and poor folks weren’t capable of run their lives then Faiz desired to run the enterprise of his paradise:

Gullon Males Rang Bhare Unhealthy-e-Nau Bahar Chale

Chale Bhi Aao Ke Gulshan Ka Karobar Chale.”

(Breeze of spring is filling colours in flowers

Allow you to come to run the enterprise of paradise)

Romantic poet of elite class being a lily livered was not capable of tolerate the troubles of a revolution. He even couldn’t be thought of a so-called socialist as his single poem in Urdu “Ham Bhi Dekhen Ge” (We will watch) cannot be mentioned a socialist one however a want for an Islamic idealism as he after the verse Jab TajUchale Jain Ge: Jab Takht Giray Jain Ge” hopes for rule of God:

“Bus Naam Rahe Ga Allah Ka”

(There could be rule of Allah everywhere in the world)

I cannot perceive how such type of poem might be recited by Hindu agricultural Labour of Sind,[8] Sikh farmer of Punjab[9], revolutionary guerilla of South America, Proletariat of India, Communists of Russia, Castro of Cuba or Ted Grant of Britain in an ideological assembly! The truth is Faiz wrote his so-called revolutionary poem beneath the impression of and limitations supplied by the ‘Goal Decision'[10] handed by the early Islamic institution of Pakistan in keeping with which it was crucial for a employees to be a ‘Pakistani Muslim  Employee’. Bhutto[11]’s dogma of Islamic Socialism could be witnessed within the above cited poem.

The “Anthem of a Punjabi farmer” written by Faiz in Punjabi language is a poetic composition based mostly upon the anthem of Communist Worldwide written by Eugene Pottier, a fighter of Paris Commune 1871.

Faiz’s views in direction of resistance differentiate him from real Marxists. Resistance is the essence of Marxism distinguishing it from all different ideologies or theories. Idea of Historic Materialism revolves round resistance as revolution is the identify of organized resistance. However Faiz was an ardent opponent of resistance: He brazenly criticized poets and males of letters due to their writings impressed by agitation. He requested employees and different oppressed lessons to not to withstand however to request for redress of their grievances. The truth is he teaches to bear up exploitation, injustice, cruelty and corruption. He was advocate of begging and such ethical and literary impotence is obvious in his following verse:

“Ek Tarz-eTaghaful Hai So Woh Unko Mubarak

Ek Arz-eTamna Hai So Hum Karte Rahen Gai.”

(Rulers are in behavior to disregard as they could do

However I shall preserve my begging on)

Internationalism is the basic precept of Marxism. We concern not with the nationality of the people in political wrestle however a Marxist should, a component kind his nationality, ought to maintain up motion of oppressed nations: he needs to be opponent of wars of ruling lessons and each type of state violence in opposition to lots.

So far as Faiz involved, in 1972 he admitted that he had written an anthem in the course of the struggle of 1965 between Pakistan and India because the struggle for Faiz was a query of safety of the ‘nation’. Faiz didn’t increase voice in opposition to United State’s imperialist interference in Pakistan particularly on the event of U-2 incident and becoming a member of of CETO and CENTO by Pakistani authorities to make the folks of Pakistan direct subservient of US imperialism. None can discover Faiz agitating in opposition to Imperialist forces in his poetry excluding his help to Yasir Arfat, a person who had been dumped in historical past: the reason being the hostility of ruling institution of Pakistan in direction of Israel to flatter Arab’s dictators and emperors.

Probably the most regrettable and shameful angle adopted by Faiz was in direction of mass execution in Bengal in 1971 within the fingers of Pakistani forces and wolves of Jamat-e-Islami (an unofficial ‘B’ staff of Pakistani institution).

Afsan Chaudhry (author) of Bangladesh complains that Faiz remained silent upon the stunning massacre. The books of Faiz clarify his calmness: resulting from excited actions on the occasion of silver jubilee of Pakistan, Faiz gave desire to watching of six movies, produced by Pakistani state Tv, upon protest in opposition to bloodbath of Bengalis. Promotion of synthetic, rotten and decayed tradition of ruling elite was extra vital then any political exercise, that’s the reason he was appointed as chairman of Nationwide Arts Council in 1972 and in 1974, when he visited Bangladesh in official capability as an advisor of Premier of Pakistan, Bengali analysts discovered him representing slaughterers of greater than Three Million Bengalis. Neither Faiz neither condemned butchery nor may present his repentance upon the identical however in a really shameful method wrote the next verses coming dwelling in Pakistan:

“Hum Ke There Ajnabi Itni Mulaqaaton Ke Baad

Phir Banen Ge Aashna Kitni Madaraton Ke Baad

Kab Nazar Aaye Gi Be Dagh Sabze Ki Bahar

Khoon Ke Dhabe Dhulain Ge Kitni Barsaton Ke Baad”

(After an extended affiliation we have now grow to be strangers

Cannot inform after we might be mates once more

Cannot inform when will see wound much less greenery

Cannot inform after what number of rains marks of bloodshed could be eliminated)

The final verse of his poem

“Un Kahi Reh Gayee woh Baat Sab Baton ke Baad” (couldn’t communicate following all different speeches) reveals his lack of ethical braveness and impotency even to repentance upon bloodshed. Such type of cowardice is obvious from the very starting. Faiz remained silent upon revolutionary motion throughout India in 1940s, upon famine in Bengal in 1946, upon execution of nice revolutionary Bhagat Singh[12], upon bloodbath of Jalianwal Bagh[13] in Punjab, upon bloodbath at time of partition of India and upon bloodbath in Bhabhrra[14] in 1948. In 70s Faiz was a part of Bhuttu’s authorities which launched army operation in Baluchistan: he prevented to write down in help of Afghan Saur revolution1978[15].

For Lenin Peace Prize half, the identical was not given by Lenin himself but it surely was Soviet forms who used to help even counter revolutionaries forces everywhere in the world as an illustration Gaddafi, Jamal Nasir, Saddam Hussain and Hafiz-ul-Asad.

The purpose at concern is to not condemn a person of center class however to defend Marxism. There are a lot of people who obtained and nonetheless benefit for themselves and for his or her households. However it’s compulsory to clear that Marxism has no reference to hole revolutionaries, absurd liberalism, synthetic and wretched tradition of ruling elite, center class idealism, chauvinist nationalism, slim minded patriotism and with spiritual extremism that are identical to completely different chapters of similar e book pertaining other ways to deceive folks. Marxism teaches to struggle in opposition to all these evils. Presuming that ruling elite of a rustic, imperialist forces and transnational corporations don’t help above cited tendencies quantities to reside within the paradise of idiot. Because the spiritual parts are requirement of ‘free’ Britain and ‘secular’ India so the spiritual extremist institution of Pakistan has been sponsoring liberals and puppet revolutionaries for many years to scale back their self made frustration in addition to to render the folks of their management.

Within the final I want to add that Marxist revolutionaries all the time acquired allegations of being un-civilized leveled by bourgeoisie: the identical could be the place of the textual content in hand as my phrases is likely to be in dangerous odour with opportunist center class of the nation. However fact doesn’t require particular means of description. It’s an English saying that ‘Coniine should be coniine however not sugar coated’.

[1] Self styled chief of Communist Get together of Pakistan

[2] Indian movie

[3]Mazdoor Kisan Get together

[4] Well-known Communist activist who even left his rich household for his political trigger

[5] GEO TV: Faiz centenary Program February 2011

[6] Caste system based mostly on hereditary of career exists in India and in Pakistan

[7] Migrants from India in 1947 who settled in Karachi

[8] Province of Pakistan

[9] Province of Pakistan

[10] In goal decision Islam had been declared as supreme legislation of Pakistan in 1949

[11] Zulfiqar ali Bhuttoo: assassinated premier of Pakistan

[12] Indian nice revolutionary, executed by British imperialist authorities

[13] British forces surrounded a park and open indiscriminate fireplace upon viewers of a political assembly

[14] Pakistan forces, surrounded and open indiscriminate fireplace upon viewers of assembly organized by Afghan nationalist forces

[15] Afghan Socialist Revolution leaded by PDPA

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