A overview of The Morgan 4 4 Sports activities Automotive, overlaying improvement, vital options, and technical information of this second mannequin within the Morgan vary.
On this Article, I supply a nostalgic have a look at the Morgan 4 4, one among an elite group of basic vehicles, which was manufactured throughout the interval 1936 to 1950.
In 1936, Henry Morgan and his son visited Ford's new manufacturing unit in Dagenham.
Following the go to, he confirmed his intention that Morgan was to stay a small and versatile firm, and wouldn’t comply with the route of mass manufacturing.
He supposed to comply with within the footsteps of males like Donald Healey, who have been automotive lovers at coronary heart, and who philosophy was that of being product slightly than course of led.
By 1936, the Morgan Three Wheeler sports activities automotive had been in steady manufacturing for 27 years, through which time time 30,000 items had been constructed.
Nevertheless, the introduction of small, financial, mass produced vehicles spelt the demise knell for the three wheeler.
The corporate's reply was to design and construct a very new automotive which had 4 wheels, not three.
The brand new mannequin was named the Morgan 4 4 sports activities automotive.
The prototype was rigorously examined each in trials and on the observe, and was lastly launched at Motor Reveals in each London and Paris.
The title "4 4", chosen to distinguish it from the earlier three wheelers, confirmed it had 4 wheels, not three, and 4 cylinders, not two.
The automotive had a metal chassis with metal, later changed by aluminum, physique panels on an ash body, whichave it the mandatory energy and lightweight weight required in a sports activities automotive.
The Four-Four was a right away success.
The unique two seater Morgan Four.Four convertible, launched in 1936, was probably the most wanted of the three variants.
As much as 1939, the automotive was powered by a 1122 cc Coventry Climax engine, growing 34 bhp.
Past this, it was changed by the Particular 1267 cc, overhead valve engine, growing 39 bhp, completely provided by the Commonplace Motor Firm.
Previous to 1938, it integrated a 4 pace Meadows gearbox, which was then changed by an equal Moss unit, fitted within the heart of the chassis, and linked to the again axle by a brief prop shaft.
The automotive used eight inch Girling drum brakes, activated by a rod and cable.
In 1937, the 4 seater variant was introduced, additionally utilizing the Coventry Climax engine.
Then, in 1938, and utilizing the identical chassis, the drophead coupe was launched.
This was a sublime touring automotive, with excessive doorways, a definite windscreen, everlasting window frames, and a small picket panel at roof stage which allowed the hood to be closed simply and successfully.
The early mannequin was fitted with the Coventry Climax engine, which was later modified to the 1267 cc Particular engine from the Commonplace Motor Firm.
After WW2, all variations of the Four-Four have been fitted with the Commonplace 1267 cc engine, and continued to be constructed till 1950, when succeeded by the bigger Morgan Plus 4.
The Four-Four Sequence additional strengthened Morgan's status for high quality, efficiency sports activities vehicles.
Morgans acquitted themselves properly in highway races, such because the RAC Rally, in addition to the well-known Vacationer Trophy through which, in 1937, a Morgan Four-Four received on handicap.
Based mostly on the 1937 profitable Four-Four, a brand new restricted version mannequin, referred to as the TT Reproduction, was showcased, with a definite sloping rear panel, and sporting a single spare wheel.
One other restricted version mannequin, referred to as the Le Mans Reproduction, was primarily based on the Four-Four entered within the Le Mans 24 hour race of 1938 and 1939.
In 1937, a small variety of modified vehicles have been constructed for the race observe, and featured 1098 cc Coventry Climax engines, with balanced crankshafts, growing 42 bhp.
In 1938, a works tuned Morgan Four-Four, with a novice driver, was entered within the Le ans 24 hour race, and completed 13th general.
The next 12 months, the automotive completed 15th general, and second in school at Le Mans.
Round this time, two noteworthy trials have been undertaken:
- A Ford V8 Pilot engine, growing 22 bhp, was fitted to a Morgan chassis, and produced a formidable efficiency
- An Arnott supercharger, when fitted to a Morgan with a 1 liter engine, allowed it to succeed in 80 mph
In 1946, automotive manufacturing resumed however, following submit WW2 shortages, the allocation of metal was on the premise of export manufacturing, slightly than for the house market.
Accordingly, the corporate launched into an intensive export drive for brand new markets.
On account of metal shortages, submit WW2 Morgan physique panels have been constructed solely of aluminum.
In 1947, the Commonplace Motor Firm launched a brand new single engine coverage whereby, after 1949, the particular association for the provision of the 1267 cc engine to Morgan would freeze.
In 1949, a prototype of a brand new Morgan was unveiled, that includes a Commonplace Vanguard 2.1 liter engine which generated a a lot improved efficiency, when put next with the Four-Four.
The brand new automotive was designated the Morgan Plus 4 sports activities automotive, and was launched in 1950.
On the very first Goodwood Motor Racing Assembly in September 1948, Peter Morgan devve a Morgan within the 1100 cc class and completed in second place.
The corporate was significantly profitable when its automotive was entered in motor races and hill climbs that have been aimed particularly at unmodified manufacturing vehicles.
In 1954, a brand new firm innovation, the stalker radiator, was launched to be able to make the most of its extra aerodynamic options.
Within the public relations area, Morgan was on the forefront of securing the advantages derived from movie star endorsements.
Actually, throughout the 1960's, such notaries as Brigitte Bardot, David Bailey, and Ralph Lauren have been all seen driving about city in a Morgan sports activities automotive.
Morgan had all the time focused on producing easy vehicles, with the intention of creating them out there to the widest potential market.
This marked the tip of the Morgan 4 4
Maybe this stroll down reminiscence lane may need answered, or at the very least make clear, a potential query:
Which Morgan Sports activities Automotive is Your Favourite?
Nevertheless, ought to this query nonetheless stay unanswered, I might be reviewing, in some element, in future articles inside this web site, your entire vary of Morgan sports activities vehicles which have been featured within the memorable period spanning 1911 to 1996.
I hope you be a part of me in my nostalgic travels "down sports activities automotive reminiscence lane".